Speech & Language Development

  • These are skills we work on in speech therapy:

    • Receptive Language (understanding of language)
      • spatial vocabulary- next to/beside, under, above, below
      • temporal words- first, next, last, before/after
      • qualitative concepts- large/small, hot/cold, etc.
      • follow directions (simple and multi-step)
      • answer questions (e.g. who, what, where, when, why, how, how many), and
      • demonstrate understanding of words and concepts while listening and speaking.


    • Expressive Language (use of language) including:
      • articles (a, the, an) and demonstratives (this, that, then)
      • pronouns - I, he, she, his, her, they, etc. 
      • auxiliary verbs - is, are (The boy is playing a game of basketball) 
      • verb tense -
        • present tense (run, skip, hop, jump, dance, drive)
        • third person singular (The boy runs and jumps on the playground)
        • regular past tense (The boy jumped on the playground)
        • irregular past tense (The boy ran on the playground)
        • future tense (The boy will run on the playground)
      • conjunctions (and, or, but, etc.)
      • forming complex and compound, detailed sentences
      • sequencing a story (first, next, last) and retelling a story/event (neither too little details or too many thoughts/run on sentences).
    • Speech Production Skills (articulation) & fluency including:
      •  using clear, intelligible, fluent speech for communication with others in all environments
      • hearing and saying sounds in all word positions (initial, medial, final) and at all levels (isolation, syllables, words, phrases, sentences, conversation)
      • elimination of phonological patterns/errors such as: 
        • syllable reduction (says "bu-fly" for "butterfly")
        • fronting (says "tat" for "cat")
        • stopping (says "duice" for "juice")
        • final consonant deletion (says "wall" for "walk")
        • voicing (says "ban" for "pan")
        • devoicing (says "mut" for "mud")
        • cluster reduction (says "sool" for "school")
        • gliding (says "weaf" for "leaf", says "wun" for "run")
    • Phonological Awareness Skills including:
      • identification of words, syllables, and sounds in spoken language (e.g. "What is the first sound you hear in the word 'hat'? - h)
      • manipulation of words, syllables and sounds in spoken language (e.g. change the word "hat" to "cat")
      • blending of sounds within words (h-a-t= hat)
      • segmenting/separating sounds within words (hat = h-a-t)
      • identification/production of rhyming words (e.g. do the following words rhyme? hat- head, hat- bat)


    Please use the following links for further information on speech and language development: