Step Up to Writing

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    Topic Sentence

    • Green means “go.”

    • Green asks the writer to decide:

    “What am I going to prove?”

    “What am I going to explain?”

    “What information will I share?”

    Reason/Details/Facts

    • Yellow means “slow down.”

    • Introduce key concepts to support the topic

    sentence.

    Explain

    • Red means “stop and explain.”

    • Present evidence.

    • Provide explanation and examples.

    Conclusion

    • Green means “go back to your topic.”

    • Restate the topic and the position.

    • Do not introduce new information.

    • Use synonyms and leave your reader with

    something to remember.

    Step 1 Construct an Informal Outline

     

    Topic = Why I should learn to swim

    Safety reasons 

     

    • help yourself

    help others

     

    Recreation

    reasons

     

    pool parties

    vacations

    water sports

     

      Conclusion = Benefits of being a great swimmer

     

    Step 2 Convert Outline to Sentences

    Title = Reasons for Learning to Swim

    Learning to swim is an essential skill for all children.

    One reason to learn to be a strong swimmer is safety.

    If you are in a dangerous situation, such as in a sinking raft or boat, you can swim to shore.

    If you are a good swimmer, you can also help save others who may be drowning.

    Being able to spend time with others is another reason for learning to swim.

    Birthday and school year-end parties are often located around the pool.

    Many people plan their vacations for warmer climates so that time may be spent splashing in the

    ocean.

    The heat of summer makes us all want to cool off by enjoying water sports, such as waterskiing,

    diving, and surfing.

    Learning to be a great swimmer can clearly make your life safer and more enjoyable.

     

    Step 3 Compile the Paragraph

                   Learning to swim is an essential skill for all children. One reason to learn to be a strong swimmer is safety. If you are in a dangerous situation, such as in a sinking raft or boat, you can swim to shore. If you are a good swimmer, you can also help save others who may be drowning. Being able to spend time with others is another reason for learning to swim. Birthday and school year-end parties are often located around the pool. Many people plan their vacations for warmer climates so that time may be spent splashing in the ocean. The heat of summer makes us all want to cool off by enjoying water sports, such as waterskiing, diving, and surfing. Learning to be a great swimmer can clearly make your life safer and more enjoyable.

    The Steps of Writing

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