What is ESL?

    ESL support (English as a Second Language) is an additional school service provided to enable your children to succeed in the grade-level classroom. ESL teachers work with classroom teachers to help children develop English language skills, cultural awareness and learning strategies which they will need to work successfully with the school curriculum. ENGLISH


    How can I help my child?

    • Create a quiet place and a regular time to do homework and study.

    • Talk to your child about what is happening at school.

    • Encourage your child to show you all school work.

    • Read with your child.

    • Learning in a new language takes lots of energy. Ensure that your child gets plenty of rest.

    • Help your child to find opportunities to use English outside of school.

    • Be patient. Understand that learning a language is a complex, long-term process.

    Phonemic Chart


    This phonemic chart contains all of the 44 sounds, or phonemes, found in spoken English. It is divided into three sections:

    • Vowels at the top left
    • Vowels are produced with the vocal tract open – air is not constricted or blocked at any point.

    • Diphthongs at the top right
    • Diphthongs are phonemes with two adjacent vowel sounds

    • Consonants at the bottom
    • When a consonant is produced a part of the vocal tract is closed, constricting or blocking the flow of air. Air can be blocked in a number of ways:

      • Plosive sounds are produced by blocking and then releasing air. Plosive sounds are /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/ and /g/.
      • Fricative sounds are produced when air is obstructed by friction. Fricative sounds are /f/, /v/, /?/, /ð/, /s/, /z/, /?/, /?/ and/h/.
      • Affricate sounds are produced with a plosive followed by a fricative. /t?/ is a combination of the plosive /t/ followed by the fricative /?//d?/ has a similar sequence of plosive and fricative.
      • With nasal sounds, air has to come through the nasal cavity due to a blockage of air at another point in the vocal tract. /m/, /n/ and /?/ are all nasal phonemes.
      • There is one lateral phoneme, /l/, where air is blocked by the tongue from coming through the centre of the mouth and so has to come along the sides of the tongue.
      • Finally, the liquid phonemes /w/, /r/ and /j/ are all “semi-vowels”, where air is diverted around the tongue rather than actually obstructed.


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