Speech Sound Development by Approximate Age:
- 3 year olds generally have mastered m, n, p, f, h and w sounds and are understood about 80% of the time.
- By the age of 4 they should should develop b, d, k, g, f, and y (as in you, yuck or yes).
- 4 year olds should be very intelligible in spontaneous speech.
- At 4 1/2 there should be very few errors and/or substitutions of sounds.
- 5-6 year olds should have their t, ng, r, and l
- 7 year olds round out their sound bank with z, sh, ch, j (jump)and voiceless th (as in thin)
- By age 8, voiced th (father), v, zh (measure), and s are mastered.
please note that errors in r, s, and l are generally not addressed as deficient until the age of 8 unless other errors are present.
5 Easy Ways To Help Your Child Speak More Clearly:
- Be a good speech model. Always use your best speech and language skills.
- Pronounce words clearly, slowly and correctly.
- Look at your child when you talk to him/her.
- Repeat new words and sounds over and over when talking to your child.
- Praise your child when sounds are produced correctly.