Tier 2/Secondary Interventions
Secondary Systems provide targeted interventions to support students who are not responding to Universal strategies. Interventions within the Secondary System are more specific to the needs of some children and designed for a smaller number of students who require more focused behavioral support. Decisions to implement Secondary support are determined based on records of student behavior/student data. Effective Secondary interventions are meant to produce measurable changes in behavior and improvement in a student’s success. Progress monitoring is used for evaluating student outcomes, determining if adjustments should be made to an intervention or if a student needs more intensive interventions provided through Tertiary supports.
The District’s student support teams (psychologists, social workers, chairpersons, and counselors) compose the Tier 2/3 systems teams. These teams received professional development on implementation of Tier 2/3 interventions to support youth with behavioral needs. Interventions include Check-in Check-out, Social/Academic Instructional Groups.
Students check in with designated CICO Facilitator/s before the beginning and at the end of each school-day to receive positive contact, pre-corrects, reminders of school-wide expectations and, if needed, basic school supplies. At the end of each class period, classroom teachers provide behavioral feedback, based on the school-wide expectations, on a Daily Progress Report Card (DPR).
Youth are supported in a small group for direct instruction of school-wide expectations and/or replacement behaviors, including structured practice and direct behavioral feedback. Interventions lead to generalization most effective when youth are also supported by CICO, where classroom teachers provide youth positive behavioral feedback on a DPR related to their transference of newly learned skills taught during group.
Individualized CICO, Groups & Mentoring:
Individualized CICO has most of the same features as the generic CICO but includes some fairly simple individualizations (i.e. change in location of CICO, addition of more Check-ins, etc.) without creating individual student goals or goal lines (which would only come after an FBA/BIP). Mentoring involves one adult meeting with one or more students at a time, one or more times per week, to provide pre-corrects and a positive connection with the school through a positive relationship.
Behavior Support Plans (BSP) are developed for one student at a time, based on a brief assessment of function of behavior by the Tier 2 Problem Solving Team.Behavior support plans address only one problem behavior at a time, typically in one setting. Interventions are chosen or designed based on youth’s strengths, assessed function of behavior and skills-deficits. BSP are only for general education students. If a student has an IEP, they have to go through the FBA/BIP process
On this page, implementers will find useful forms/documents to aid in implementation, as well as some examples of implementation from other Buffalo Schools.
Reverse Request for Assistance Tool