8th Grade Web-quests

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    Triangular Trade + Slavery Web Quest

     

    Directions:  Use the website listed in the document to learn more about triangular trade and the development of slavery in the Americas.

    Essential Skill:  Demonstrate an understanding of the Triangular Trade and the Middle Passage.

    Sites to Use for Questions 1-3:

    http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/triangulartrade.htm

    1. What was the Triangular trade?
    2. What impact did the triangle trade have on each of the following? Explain.

    - Europe: 

    -Colonies/Caribbean: 

    -Africa:

    1. Who benefited the most from the triangle trade? How did this trade route lead to the establishment of slavery in the Americas?  (USE A FULL SENTENCE TO ANSWER EACH OF THESE QUESTIONS.)
    2. What was sent from the 13 Colonies to England?
    3. What was sent from England to the 13 colonies?
    4. What was sent from the 13 Colonies to Africa?
    5. What was sent from Africa to the West Indies?
    6. What were the “three points” of the triangle

    Use the following website for Questions 9 & 10:

    Go to:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p277.html 

    9. How many Africans were sold into slavery in Africa (taken from their homes)?

    1. How many died before reaching the coast of Africa?
    2.  How many did not survive the voyage to the new world?

     

    Go to:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1h280.html  

    12. What did the ship’s captain do upon outbreak of disease on his slave ship?

    13. How many total died

    14. Why was Equiano so important to this incident? (USE A FULL SENTENCE TO ANSWER THIS QUESTION.)

    _______________________________________________

     

    The Transatlantic Slave Trade:  Webquest

     

    Begin by visiting the following site

    http://www.inmotionaame.org/migrations/landing.cfm?migration=1

     

    Step One: Read “The Middle Passage” and answer the following questionsWhat are the three parts of the “Triangle Trade”?

     

     

    1.  Where does the name Middle Passage come from?

    2.How long was the “Middle Passage”?

    3. Ships could hold  ________________ people yet many times carries as

     many as ___________________ people.

     

    4. Describe the live of slaves on board: 4 Facts

    5. How did people try to end their suffering?  What happened to them?

     

     6. What percentage of slaves did not survive the passage?

     7. What helped to unite the slaves on the ships?

     

    Step Two:  Read “Impact of the Slave Trade on Africa” and answer the following questions:How did the slave trade affect the population of Africa?

     

     1. What caused technological and economic development to suffer?

    2. How did relationships between people and the government change?

    3. How did Europeans impact African governments?

     

    Step Three: Read one more of your choosing.  List the names of the sections you read below and answer the questions that follow:

     

              Reading Title ________________________________________

     

    1. List three things that stood out to you about the passage you read.
    2. Summarize (2-3 Sentences) the main message this section is trying to tell the reader:
    3. What is the one most important thing about this section?

     

     

     

     

    Image result for reconstruction

     

     

    Test Review - Policies of Reconstruction

     

    1. Describe the main points of Lincoln's Reconstruction plan for the South.
         A. Who opposed Lincoln's plan and why?
         B. What did Lincoln do to get around the opposition?

    http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0860645.html 

    2. Describe two ways Johnson's plan differed from Lincoln's?
         E. What did Johnson hope to accomplish by enacting a harsher plan?

    http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0860646.html

    3. Who were Radical Republicans?

    http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=623&nm=Radical-Republicans

    4. How did the Radical Republicans respond to Johnson's policies?
         H. Describe why Johnson was impeached and the outcome of the
             impeachment proceedings.

    http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=509 

     

    Section 2.  Struggles of the Freedmen

    1. Describe the purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau.
    2. What benefits did it offer?

    http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/freedmens-bureau

    1. What happened to land in the South following the Civil War?
    2. Explain how the system of sharecropping worked.
    3. Explain why sharecropping created a cycle of debt for farmers.

    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/reconstruction/sharecrop/sf_economy.html

    1. What were three ways Southerners tried to disrupt African Americans from

        voting.

    2. Explain how the poll tax and literacy tests were not a violation of the 15th

        amendment

    3. What law was finally passed in 1965 which abolished Jim Crow era voting laws? What did it say?

    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/tools_voting.html

     

    4. Who enacted the Black Codes and what did they entail?

    http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-codes

     5. What was the first Ku Klux Klan and why was it formed?
     6. Describe ways in which members frightened and abused African Americans?

    http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded

     

    Section 3: The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments

    7. What did the 13th Amendment do?

    http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=40

      

    8. What group showed the strongest support for the 13th Amendment?

    http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h127.html

     

    9.What did the 14th Amendment do?  How did it attempt to protect African
            Americans?

    http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/14thamendment.html  

     http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_14th.html

     

    Describe what the 15th Amendment did for African Americans.
      10. How did Southerners get around the 15th Amendment?

    http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/15thamendment.html

     

     Image result for reconstruction

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    WebQuest The Great Depression – 1930's America

    Go to: Teacher Resources - Feature - American Memory Timeline: Great Depression - For Teachers (Library of Congress)

    Read the “Overview” and answer below

    1. What event started the Great Depression?
    2. How many Americans were unemployed during the worst part of the Depression?
    3. Explain one effect of the Depression in other parts of the world.
    4. What finally brought an end to the Depression in the U.S.?

     

    Go to: Dust Bowl

    1. Explain what the Dust Bowl was and its two main causes.
    2. Explain what the Dust Bowl caused people in that region to do.

     

    Go to: stock market crash

    1. Explain what happened with the stock market and banks to cause the Great Depression:

     

    Go to: 1930's

    1. What was the price of a man's shirt in the 1930's?:
    2. What is it now?

     

    Go to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal - For Teachers (Library of Congress)

    1. Explain what President Franklin Roosevelt did to restructure America during the Depression. Include an explanation of the New Deal in your answer.

     

    Go to: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1642.html

    1. What were Hoovervilles and why were they called that?

     

    Go to: http://kclibrary.lonestar.edu/decade30.html

    1. How did people spend their free time during the Depression?
    2. How much did a loaf of bread cost in the 1930's?.

     

    Do a Google image search for “Great Depression”

    1. What is the feeling you get of life in 1930's America?:

    This photo was taken by Dorothea Lange

     

    1. Why do you think this photo is the MOST famous photo of the Depression?:

     

    Go to: Manufacturing Memory: American Popular Music in the 1930's

    1. Name the title of a famous song.

     

    Go to: Digital History

    1. Read two of the letters from children to the White House. Then imagine yourself in a similar situation.
    2. Write a realistic short letter to President or Mrs. Roosevelt asking for a specific kind of help.

     

     

    _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Part II

     

    WebQuest The Great Depression – 1930's America


    Directions: Go to the provided links to answer the questions below. Your answers need to be in your own words. Hand-write or type your responses on a separate sheet of paper. If there is a sub-question (a or b), it is separate from the first part of the question so make sure to answer all parts of the question. 

     Go to http://americanhistory.about.com/od/greatdepression/tp/greatdepression.htm 
    1. According to this website, what are the top 5 causes of the Great Depression.
    2. In your opinion, which one had the biggest impact? Explain why.

    Go to: http://www.history.com/topics/great-depression
    3. How many Americans were unemployed during the worst part of the Depression?

    Go to: http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/depwwii/depwar.html


    4. Explain one effect of the Depression in other parts of the world.
    5. What finally brought an end to the Depression in the U.S.?

    Go to http://classprojects.cornellcollege.edu/HIS240_2009/Hoover1/Hoover_1/Election_of_32_-2.html


    6. Explain your thoughts on the two political cartoons. You may click on the cartoon to enlarge it.
          a.     “Humpty Dumpty”
          b.     “Why Change Doctors Now?”

    Go to: http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1642.html

    7. What were Hoovervilles and why were they called that?

    Go to: Dust Bowl
    Watch http://www.history.com/topics/dust-bowl
    Watch http://www.history.com/topics/dust-bowl/videos/black-blizzard


    8. Explain what the Dust Bowl was and its two main causes.
    9. Explain what the Dust Bowl caused people in that region to do.

    Go to http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/national.php?year=1932 -

     
    10. How many electoral votes did each candidate receive?

     Go to https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/franklindroosevelt
    Watch: Franklin D. Roosevelt (5 min) TV-PG Mini-biography on the life of Franklin D. Roosevelt


    11.What years did FDR serve?
    12.   In his Inaugural Address, what did he say to try to calm the American people? (Paragraph 1) 
             a.     Do you think he was successful? Explain.
    13.   Why did bankers & businessmen start to disapprove of the New Deal? (paragraph 6) 



    Go to http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/lesson_86_notes.htm or go to http://efkcdepression.weebly.com/the-new-deal--the-3-rs.html
    14. How did Roosevelt's New Deal go about fixing the problems of the Great Depression? (hint 3Rs)

    Videos to help 
    Franklin D. Roosevelt Creates Social Security
    http://www.history.com/topics/hoovervilles/videos/fdr-creates-social-security?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false
    Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Tennessee Valley Authority Act
    http://www.history.com/topics/hoovervilles/videos/tennessee-valley-authority-cheap-power?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false
    The New Deal
    http://www.history.com/topics/hoovervilles/videos/the-new-deal?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false
    National Recovery Administration Created
    http://www.history.com/topics/hoovervilles/videos/national-recovery-administration-created?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false

    15.List an example of each "R" in FDR's New Deal and what they did to help the economy. .


     Go to: Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal - For Teachers (Library of Congress)



    16. Explain what President Franklin Roosevelt did to restructure America during the Depression. Include an explanation of the New Deal in your answer.

     Go to:  http://www.livinghistoryfarm.org/farminginthe30s/life_14.html 
    Click though Having FunRadio,Movies,Jazz,Dancing,DatingFamily Time

    17. How did people spend their free time during the Depression?

     Do a Google image search for “Great Depression”


    18. What is the feeling you get of life in 1930's America?:

    Go to : This photo was taken by Dorothea Lange 


    19. Why do you think this photo is the MOST famous photo of the Depression?:


    Could You Stomach These Great Depression Meals?
    20. Read a list of food during The Great Depression and which one would you eat? Which one would you not? 



     Go to: Digital History
    21. Read two of the letters from children to the White House. Then imagine yourself in a similar situation.  Write a realistic short letter to President or Mrs. Roosevelt asking for a specific kind of help.

     

    World War II ________________________________________________

     

    World War II

     

    World War II Webquest

    Directions:  Use the website below to complete the webquest about World War II.  Write in complete sentences!

     

    http://www.pbs.org/perilousfight/

     

    Section 1:  The Battlefield: Click on the section that says, “Pearl Harbor” on the left.

     

    1. What did President Roosevelt do in 1941 and how did the government know there might be an attack?

     

     

    1. What happened on December 7 and how much damage was done?

     

    1. What did the enemy think the Pearl Harbor attack would do?

     

    1. Why did the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor fail to defeat the United States?

     

    1. What happened on December 8th?

     

    1. Click on the section that says, “Doolittle Raid and Midway” on the left.

     

    What happened on April 18, 1942, and what was the mission?  Was it successful?

     

    1. What was the psychological effect of the Doolittle Raid on both the Americans and the Japanese?

     

    1. Read the last 2 paragraphs. What happened at the Battle of Midway?

     

    Section 2:  Psychology of War

     

    1. Click on the section that says, “Atomic Option” on the left.

    Truman said that the atomic bombs were the most terrible weapon in history.  Why was he right?

    1. What were some reasons why people wanted to drop the atomic bomb, and what are some reasons why people thought it was unnecessary?

     

    1. Click on “Disbelief of Atrocities” on the left: Why did President Roosevelt refuse to bomb Auschwitz or the train tracks leading to it?

     

     

    1. Click on “Mental Toll” on the left.

    Compared to previous wars, what are some reasons why World War II a more difficult war?

     

    Section 3:  Social Aspects

     

    1. Click on “African-Americans” on the left.

    Why was there some acceptance of African-Americans in the 1940s?

     

    1. What was it like on the home front for African-Americans and what was Executive Order 8802?

     

    1. Click on the section that says, “Asian Americans” on the left.

    What happened to 100,000 West Coast Japanese-Americans and why did many people not like them?

     

     

    1. Click on the section that says, “Women” on the left.

    Read the first 3 paragraphs.  Write a small paragraph explaining why women were important during World War II.

     

    World War II Puzzles!   https://crosswordhobbyist.com/267627  &  https://mywordsearch.com/149025

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    World War II Webquest

    The purpose of this webquest is to help you get a feel for World War. The war took place in two arenas, or theaters, the Pacific with Japan, and Europe with Germany. This webquest does not attempt to sugar-coat what happened during this war.  Some of the readings and pictures can be disturbing.  If  they bother you, just answer the question and move on. The point is that this was a war where millions of people were injured or killed.  There isn't a way to really soften the realities of war. 

     

    To navigate through the webquest, you may need to use the back and forward arrows at the upper left hand side of your screen. 

     

    1. Read about the after-effects of World War I and the  Treaty of Versailles

    http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/treaty_of_versailles.htm

    This website has stats about how many people were killed, who the Big Three were, and the four areas of the Treaty .  Write 5 important facts from this site.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1. Go to the following site and scroll through the timeline.

    http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/timeline/ww2time.htm#stpaul

    1. What year did Adolph Hitler become the leader of the National Socialist Nazi Party? (Hint - look in the 1920's) 

     

    1. Go to 1925. Click on Mein Kampf.  What does Mein Kampf mean?  (Third or fourth paragraph) 
    2. What is an Aryan, according to Hitler? (Around the fourth paragraph)

    D.. Look at the bottom of the article, when did this book become hugely popular? To answer this, you have to read the article, then go back to the timeline to find out when Hitler became Chancellor. 

     

    1. What year did the Nazis hold a book burning? List some authors whose works were destroyed.
    2. Scroll down to 1941. Look at December.  What happened on Dec. 8 and Dec. 11? 
    3. Scroll to the very end. Click on the Statistics of World War II. Which country had the most fatalities?    How many countries were involved with World War II?  

     

    3.Now go to http://www.besthistorysites.net/WWII.shtml         

    1. Scroll down until you see a link titled Korematsu v. United States Click on that and  then click on “The Interment Camps”.  Where were the Internment camps in Arizona located? 

     

     

     

    1. Define Issei and Nisei

     

    1. Go to http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/online/bookburning and read through this site.  When you  are done exporing write five facts about Nazi book burning. 

    5.Go to the following website.  http://www.lclark.edu/~history/HIROSHIMA/  Click on The Gallery.  Go to collection 3. Hiroshima Collection.  Click on pictures that interest you, esp. #2 and # 18.  Read the captions under the pictures.  Explain your thoughts on how the Japanese must have felt immediately after the Atomic Bomb was dropped on them.

        

     

     

     

    1. Navajo code talkers. http://www.infoplease.com/spot/aihmcode1.html This site has information about the Navajo code talkers.  Who came up with the idea to use Navajo?  Why?  Why were the code talkers heroes? 

     

     

     

     

     Just an interesting site. 

    http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq61-2.htm  This website has a code talker dictionary.  If you are interested in how the code worked, click on this site. 

     

    1. Concentration camps.

    A.http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blmap.htm  This site has a map of all the concentration and extermination camps.  What was the camp to the furthest point north? 

     

     

    **   http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/timeline/camps.htm  The site has a lot of links and photos of the camps.  Some are very disturbing and sad.  

    1. http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/holocamp.html You will find more information about the camps at this site.

    There is a chart of how many were killed at each camp and how.  Which two camps had the highest rate of deaths?  Did you locate them on the map? 

     

     

    1. http://history1900s.about.com/library/holocaust/blchart.htm This chart shows all the camps, concentration and extermination. What was the difference?  How many did the U.S. shut down?

     

     

     

    1. D-Day http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/find_out/guides/world/d-day_/newsid_3754000/3754731.stm  What was D-Day?  Why was it called D-Day (use the link)?
    2. Iwo Jima/ Okinawa Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Go the following link and watch the video.  (You have to suffer through a commercial first.)

    http://www.history.com/media.do?action=clip&id=gahq_aw_teri_garr_broadband What is your response? 

     

    1. How did racism and intolerance contribute to World War II? Give examples of