• SOCIAL STUDIES

     

    SS

     

    The social studies curriculum is aligned to New York State Social Studies Framework and is tailored to challenge and encourage students to grow in their breadth of knowledge, skills in finding and applying information, and in honing the ability to think, write, and speak clearly.

     

    To graduate, students must earn four credits of social studies at the commencement-level. The core content sequence is typically Global History and Geography I, Global History and Geography II (R), United State History & Government (R), Participation in Government, and Economics. However, students may choose to take identified Advanced Placement (AP) courses in Social Studies to replace a core course; Advanced Placement courses may also be taken in addition to the core sequence for elective credit. The International Baccalaureate may also be taken to replace courses within the core sequence. Elective offerings may vary by school.

     

    Please note:

    • Some classes are unique to a particular program or school.
    • Not every class is offered at every school.
    • Course offerings may change yearly based on student course requests and other factors.

     


  • SOCIAL STUDIES COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

     

    GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 9 

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 9

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    GS01G

    1.0

    N/A

    This is the first course in a two-year sequence that provides an overview of human history and world geography. Grade 9 begins with the Paleolithic Era and the development of the first civilizations, continues with an examination of classical societies, and traces the expansion of trade networks and their global impact. The course emphasizes the key themes of interactions over time, shifts in political power, and the role of belief systems.

     

    GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 10

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 10

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: Regents Examination in Global History and Geography

    GS02R

    1.0

    Global History & Geography 9

    This is the second course in a two-year sequence that provides an overview of human history and world geography. Grade 10 provides a snapshot of the world circa 1750 and continues chronologically up to the present. Several concepts are woven throughout the course including industrialization, nationalism, imperialism, conflict, technology, and the interconnectedness of the world. The last three Key Ideas focus on global issues, applying a more thematic approach. The Regents exam measures Grade 10 content only.

     

    UNITED STATES HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: Regents Examination in United States History and Government Regents

    US03R

    1.0

    N/A

    This course provides students with an overview of the history of the United States, beginning with the colonial and constitutional foundations of the United States and exploring the government structure and functions written in the Constitution. The course also addresses the development of the nation and the political, social, and economic factors that led to the challenges the US faced in the Civil War. Industrialization, urbanization, and the accompanying problems are examined, along with America’s emergence as a world power, the two world wars of the 20th century, and the Cold War. Students explore the expansion of the federal government, the threat of terrorism, and the place of the United States in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world.

     

    PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 20 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    PG04G

    0.50

    N/A

    This course is designed to provide students with opportunities to become engaged in the political process by acquiring the knowledge and practicing the skills necessary for active citizenship. Content specifications are not included, so that the course can adapt to present local, national, and global circumstances, allowing teachers to select flexibly from current events to illuminate key ideas and conceptual understandings. Participation in government and in our communities is fundamental to the success of American democracy.

     

    ECONOMICS

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 12

    LENGTH: 20 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    EC04G

    0.50

    N/A

    This course is designed to examine the principles of the United States free market economy in a global context. Students will examine their individual responsibility for managing their personal finances. Students will analyze the role of supply and demand in determining the prices individuals and businesses face in the product and factor markets, and the global nature of these markets. Students will study changes to the workforce in the United States, and the role of entrepreneurs in our economy, as well as the effects of globalization. Students will explore the challenges facing the United States free market economy in a global environment and various policy-making opportunities available to government to address these challenges.

     

    UNDERSTANDING THE HOLOCAUST

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    HH04G

    1.0

    N/A

    This course is designed to explore and analyze the complex factors contributing to the Holocaust, interpret the events of 1933-1945, and evaluate the impact of the genocide on post-war Europe and generations to come. The Holocaust will be explored both chronologically and elements of psychology, sociology, ethics, cultural anthropology, and economics will be incorporated in the course.

     

    STREET LAW

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    HS03G

    1.0

    N/A

    This course is designed to engage students in a critical examination of their legal responsibilities and rights. Students will have the opportunity to conduct discussions, research and debates with their classmates about practical legal problems, contemporary legal issues, and the ramifications of breaking the law.

     

    SOCIOLOGY

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    SO04G

    1.0

    N/A

    This course is designed to explore the study of human behavior in group situations and on the interactions of individuals in groups. This course covers basic sociological theory and analytical tools and shows their relationship to other behavioral science disciplines, such as anthropology and psychology. The effect of social structure, practices, and institutions upon the individual in everyday life will be examined. Topics will include, but are not limited to culture, socialization, and society. This is a college prep course and requires advanced reading and critical thinking skills.

     

    PSYCHOLOGY

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    PS03G

    1.0

    N/A

    This course is designed as an overview of the field of psychology. Students will explore the history of psychology, biological Studies of psychology, sensation and perception, states of consciousness, learning, memory, cognitive and language, intelligence and mental abilities, motivation and Emotion, lifespan development, personality, stress and health, psychological disorders, and therapies.

     

    PUERTO RICAN HISTORY AND CULTURE

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 9-12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    OFFERED: Frederick Law Olmsted #156, Lafayette International High School #207

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    PH01G

    1.0

    NA

    Puerto Rican History and Culture is a U.S. Ethnic Studies course that examines the history, politics, economics, society, and/or culture of one or more of the racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Ethnic Studies focus primarily on the history of an individual racial/ethnic group or may take a more comprehensive approach to studying the contemporary issues affecting racial/ethnic groups overall. This course will focus on the ethnicity and heritage of Puerto Rican people and culture.

     

    AFRICAN AMERICAN STUDIES 

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    HA04G

    1.0

    NA

    This course is designed to provide students with a comprehensive overview of the African American experience beginning with Africa through present times. The course will, in six units, address the introduction of Africans to the Americas, enslavement, emancipation, and the social and political challenges and triumphs that followed. In addition, the course will highlight the social, cultural and political contributions of African Americans to American society.

      

    AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY*

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    OFFERED: Frederick LawOlmsted #156,  Leonardo daVinci High School #212, McKinley High School #305, Buffalo Academy for Visual and Performing Arts #192

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    AH05GC

    1.0

    NA

    This course will survey the major topics and events of African American history from 1865 to the present. This course will also examine the role of social justice and culture in the plight of African Americans in their struggles for freedom in America.

     

    *Students who enroll in the dual credit program and successfully pass this course will be awarded three college credits through Erie Community College.

     

    SOCIAL JUSTICE

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    OFFERED:

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    SJ05G

    1.0

    NA

    The goal of this course is to provide a space for students to explore an issue that they find important or problematic and offer them the tools for making social change. This will be a student-centered course. We will focus on culturally responsive texts to help students drive informed discussion and debate. Students will also be responsible for choosing a research topic that encompasses a social injustice for which they feel passionately and wish to reform. The teacher will act as facilitator through prompting discussion and assisting students in their respective research. Students will also be able to brainstorm ways to improve their communities and their lived social realities. They will be supported as they take action in making a social change.

     

    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) UNITED STATES HISTORY

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: AP United States History Exam

    US03P

    1.0

    Global History & Geography 9 & 10

    AP U.S. History students investigate significant events, individuals, developments, and processes in nine historical periods from approximately 1491 to the present. Students develop and use the same skills, practices, and methods employed by historians: analyzing primary and secondary sources; developing historical arguments; making historical comparisons; and utilizing reasoning about contextualization, causation, and continuity and change over time.

    NB: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the AP exam that is offered at the end of this course.

     

    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) US GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE:10, 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: AP Exam in US Government and Politics

    GP04P

    1.0

    N/A

    AP United States Government and Politics is an introductory college-level course.  Students cultivate their understanding of U.S. government and politics through analysis of data and text-based sources as they explore topics like constitutionalism, liberty and order, civic participation in a representative democracy, competing policy-making interests, and methods of political analysis.

     

    NB: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the AP exam that is offered at the end of this course.

     

    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) WORLD HISTORY - MODERN

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 10

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: AP World History Exam

    WH02P

    1.0

    Global History & Geography 9

    AP World History-Modern is an introductory college-level course.  Students investigates significant events, individuals, developments, and processes from 1200 to the present. Students develop and use the same skills, practices, and methods employed by historians: analyzing primary and secondary sources; developing historical arguments; making historical connections; and utilizing reasoning about comparison, causation, and continuity and change over time. The course provides six themes that students explore throughout the course in order to make connections among historical developments in different times and places: humans and the environment, cultural developments and interactions, governance, economic systems, social interactions and organization, and technology and innovation

    NB: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the AP exam that is offered at the end of this course.

     

    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) PSYCHOLOGY

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE:10, 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: AP Exam in Psychology

    PS03P

    1.0

    N/A

    This course is designed to introduce students to the systematic and scientific study of human behavior and mental processes. While considering the psychologists and studies that have shaped the field, student will explore and apply psychological theories, key concepts, and phenomena associated with such topics as the biological bases of behavior, sensation and perception, learning and cognition, motivation, developmental psychology, testing and individual differences, treatment of abnormal behavior, and social psychology.

    NB: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the AP exam that is offered at the end of this course.

     

    ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: AP Exam in Human Geography

    HG02P

    1.0

    N/A

    This course is designed to parallel college-level Human Geography courses. Advanced Placement Human Geography introduces students to the systematic study of patterns and processes that have shaped the ways in which humans understand, use, and alter the earth’s surface. Students use spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences and also learn about the methods and tools geographers use in their science and practice. 

    NB: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the AP exam that is offered at the end of this course.

       

    INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE (IB) HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS HL

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    OFFERED: City Honors School #195

    EXAMINATION: IB assessments in History of the Americas

    HI04I

    1.0

    AP United States History

    The DP history course is a world history course based on a comparative and multi-perspective approach to history. It involves the study of a variety of types of history, including political, economic, social, and cultural. The course emphasizes the importance of encouraging students to think historically and to develop historical skills as well as gaining factual knowledge. It puts a premium on developing the skills of critical thinking, and on developing an understanding of multiple interpretations of history. In this way, the course involves a challenging and demanding critical exploration of the past. Teachers explicitly teach thinking and research skills such as comprehension, text analysis, transfer, and use of primary sources.

    (AP US History and Government serves as the first year of IB History of the Americas.)

    Note: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the IB assessments in this course.

     

    INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE (IB) ECONOMICS SL

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    OFFERED: City Honors School #195

    EXAMINATION: IB assessments in Economics

    EC04I

    1.0

    None

    Economics is an exciting, dynamic subject that allows students to develop an understanding of the complexities and interdependence of economic activities in a rapidly changing world. At the heart of economic theory is the problem of scarcity. Owing to scarcity, choices have to be made. The economics course uses economic theories, models, and key concepts to examine the ways in which these choices are made: at the level of producers and consumers in individual markets (microeconomics); at the level of the government and the national economy (macroeconomics); and at an international level, where countries are becoming increasingly interdependent (the global economy). The DP economics course allows students to explore these models, theories, and key concepts, and apply them, using empirical data, through the examination of six real-world issues. By focusing on the six real-world issues through the nine key concepts (scarcity, choice, efficiency, equity, economic well-being, sustainability, change, interdependence, and intervention), students of the economics course will develop the knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes that will encourage them to act responsibly as global citizens.

    Note: Institutions of higher education may grant college credit to students who earn a passing score on the IB assessments in this course.

     

    HISTORY OF BUFFALO

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 20 Weeks

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    BH04G

    0.5

    None

    The History of Buffalo course is designed to allow students to explore the indigenous residents of the Niagara Frontier, early settlement of the city, its growth, the diverse contributions of ethnic groups, dynamics of urban development, and the enduring impact of its historical past in relation to its geographical presence. 

     

    NY STATE INDIGENOUS HISTORY AND CULTURE

    Course Code

    Credit

    Prerequisite

    GRADE: 11, 12

    LENGTH: 40 Weeks

    OFFERED: This course will be available at all BPS High Schools

    EXAMINATION: N/A

    IH03G

    0.5

    N/A

    The course will reflect the importance of NY Indigenous historical and cultural events including but not limited to:

    Six Nations–Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca and Tuscarora and the eight federally recognized tribes in New York State: the Cayuga, Tuscarora, Oneida, Onondaga, St. Regis Mohawk (along St. Lawrence River near Quebec, Canada), Seneca Nation, Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians, and Shinnecock (located downstate). Indigenous Treaties, Indigenous Land/Territories across New York State, WNY’s rich history of First Nations people who continue to influence and play key roles in shaping the region, Indigenous Beliefs and Cultural Values, NY Indigenous Language(s), Indigenous Education History , Kinzua Dam and Interstate 86 East, The diversity of First Nation peoples based on their tribe, nation, or pueblo identity, Historical Indigenous Policies and Law, Tribal sovereignty / Tribal governments , Federal and State recognition and tribal identity, Health and Health Outcomes / Native Healthcare, WNY Indigenous Art/Artists and Music/Musicians, Economy and Employment, WNY Native Etymologies , WNY Local Indigenous Resources, and Wampum Beads and Belts.