• Math Skills a First Grader Is Expected to Learn

    In general, your child will be expected to perform the tasks on this list by the end of first grade.1

    Numbers and Counting

    • Count by 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s, and 25s past 100
    • Read, write, and understand numbers to 999
    • Identify numbers in the ones and then tens place in a two-digit number
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the parts-to-whole relationship by modeling simple fractions (1/2, 1/4, and whole) using manipulatives and pictures

    Classifying and Estimating

    • Classify familiar two- and three-dimensional objects by common attributes (color, position, shape, size, roundness, number of corners) and explain which attributes are being used to classify the objects
    • Estimate answers to addition or subtraction problems and then solve the problem and compare the answer to the estimation (Ex: How many quarters do you need to buy an ice cream bar that costs $1.25?)
    • Estimate number of objects in a collection (i.e. number of circles on a page, number of marshmallows in a bag, etc.)

    Shapes, Graphs and Data Analysis

    • Identify and describe one- and two-dimensional objects (circles, triangles, squares, rectangles, spheres, cylinders, rectangular prisms, pyramids, cones, and cubes)
    • Identify, describe, and extend simple repeating patterns (i.e. 1, 3, 5 — next number is 7
    • Collect and organize data and record it in tally charts, tables, bar graph, and line graphs

    Measuring and Comparing

    • Measuring in standard and non-standard units
    • Compare volume of liquids in containers of different sizes
    • Compare the length, weight, and volume of two or more objects by using direct comparison or a nonstandard unit
    • Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of less than, equal to, or greater than by comparing and ordering whole numbers to 100 using the symbols for those concepts (<, =, >)
    • Identify one more than, one less than, 10 more than, and 10 less than some other number
    • Order objects by weight from lightest to heaviest

    Time and Money

    • Count combination of quarters, dimes, nickels, and pennies to at least $1.00
    • Tell time to the nearest quarter-hour on both a digital and analog clock
    • Relate time to events (longer, shorter, before, after)
    • Read a calendar and identify the month, date, and days of the week

    Adding and Subtracting

    • Add and subtract to and from 30
    • Add three one-digit numbers
    • Solve addition and subtraction problems with one- and two-digit numbers
    • Demonstrate an understanding of mathematical symbols (+, -, =)
    • Create and solve problems with a known answer (i.e. 3 + __ = 5)
    • Solve simple story problems